History Hvar - Historical and Cultural Information about Hvar
Historic evidence found in Mark's cave as well as in Grpčeva cave are estimated to be around 6000 years old which means life on the island of Hvar can be dated back in prehistoric times. In fact, discovery of painted ceramic indicates a separate culture of Hvar. 385 BC Ionian Greeks have founded the city of Pharos and they mostly worked in agriculture. However, Pharos was left without any protection after the downfall of Syracuse thus Illyrians took control over it, and after Illyrians Greeks took control once again and they named the city of Pharos - Pharia.
In the early middle ages Croats came to the Island of Hvar while in 1420 Venetians came to the island and governed it until the fall of the Republic of Venice in 1797.
In 1797 Austrians took control of Hvar and after them - the French in 1806. During the second half of the 19th century Austria manages to take control over the island one more time and that period is considered to be "the Golden Age" of the island of Hvar. The island of Hvar became extremely important when it comes to tourism and nautics; four consulates were situated on the island in that time. After the "Golden Age" of Hvar Italians ruled over the island once again in 1918 but three years later, in 1921, Hvar became the part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia with the rest of Croatia and after the World War II Hvar is part of Socialist Federate Republic of Yugoslavia. At the beginning of 1992 island of Hvar became a part of the Republic of Croatia.